Using Large Baits to Land Trophy Fish

An in-season, legal-size lobster is a fantastic bait for cubera snapper at night. Use a two-hook rig when rigging the tasty marine crustacean.
George Poveromo

The worn adage “elephants eat peanuts” acknowledges that big fish sometimes consume small baits. But is that an exception that proves the rule? Big fish have insatiable appetites, hence their inclination to hunt for one or two satisfying meals versus expending energy herding tiny prey. In the offshore world, some prime examples include blue marlin keying in on mahi and tuna, big mahi cannibalizing smaller mahi, and wahoo gorging on tuna.

Unleash the Horses

Large and horse ballyhoo, popular for blue marlin, have long been my go-to baits when seeking big mahi on the troll. Whereas school mahi readily devour small- and medium-size offerings, oversize ballyhoo are generally too big for them to eat. The more soak time these big ballyhoo receive, the better the chances of hooking a larger ­mahi. I’ve caught mahi up to 43 pounds via this tactic, along with numerous 20- and 30-pounders. One of the largest mahi I’ve ever seen attacked a splashing mackerel I had out for blue marlin off Walker’s Cay in the Bahamas. Unfortunately, the hook pulled after one amazing jump.

Recently, I’ve been trolling more small and medium ballyhoo for mahi, mainly to generate action for my television series. However, I keep a couple of pitch-bait outfits and large ballyhoo on standby. Should a gaffer mahi appear, a horse ballyhoo goes into play. The larger bait should deter smaller mahi and hordes of bar jacks long enough to score the big fish.

Such a scenario repeated itself this past October off Marathon in the Florida Keys. Erica Lynn and I raised a large school of mahi from under a weed patch. The hookups came as quickly as our ballyhoo chunks hit the water. A couple of larger mahi soon appeared. Despite precise casting, schoolies rapidly intercepted our small baits. It took a large ballyhoo on a spin outfit to catch both fish. 

Cuberas are the largest species in the snapper family. When targeting any large snapper, a giant bait weeds out the pesky shorts.
George Poveromo

Fire Down Below

Bottomfishing anglers strive for big grouper and snapper, despite the smaller ones being better table fare. Yet there’s something special about landing a monster grouper or snapper.

Like mahi trolling, small baits are often attacked by smaller bottomfish. Bump up in bait size and the odds of hooking a ­trophy-class fish rise considerably.

A reef drifting method of ours involves tipping a deep jig with a horse ballyhoo or whole squid. The jig, heavy enough to reach bottom between 70 and 250 feet, serves more as a sinker; gently lifting it over potential snags is the only required action. The offering’s large profile intimidates smaller fish and keeps it vulnerable to big ones. We’ve taken black grouper as heavy as 68 pounds this way, along with double-digit grouper and snapper.

Not-So-Mellow Yellow

A yellowtail is deadly for big grouper, as are large grunts, oversize pinfish and goggle-eyes. Be aware that anglers in Gulf federal waters are not allowed to use reef fish as bait. All waters around Florida
require fish to be landed in “whole” condition. If you were to use a yellowtail snapper as bait in waters that allowed, make sure it’s legal size, not cut into pieces, and counts against your daily bag limit. 

Lower a big bait deep, bridled to a 3X-strong circle hook on 4 feet of 80- or 100-pound fluoro leader. Slide an egg sinker onto a 50- or 80-pound braid main line, and use a barrel swivel to join the line to the leader. For weights in excess of 10 ounces, use a three-way swivel to ­attach the line, leader and weight.

Don’t mess with smaller baits or metal jigs when trophy hunting.
George Poveromo

Fit For a King

While yellowtailing or bottomfishing, free-line a legal-size, live yellowtail on a light wire leader and a balloon float well behind the chum slick. Place the outfit in a holder and resume catching yellowtails or dropping for grouper. Some of the largest king mackerel are caught this way. Ditto using live Spanish mackerel, oversize blue runners and goggle-eyes. I’ve enjoyed great luck with a stinger rig comprised of two 7/0 inline circle hooks and either titanium or single-strand metallic leader of around 50 pounds. I place one hook in front of a bait’s dorsal fin and leave the stinger hook free-­swinging. Place the outfit in a holder and let the ­circle hooks set themselves.

Read Next: How to Catch Live Bait

The biggest king mackerel regularly eat oversize blue runners.
George Poveromo

Snapper of the Night

Large snapper consume big baits, as is evident during the July through September cubera snapper spawn off the Florida Keys. Here, live blue crabs and legal-size live lobsters (when their season opens) are lowered to cuberas schooling above or nearby scattered sections of a wreck. Big blue runners work too, but getting these finfish past the barracudas, king mackerel, amberjacks and sharks might prove difficult. Yet it’s rare for these toothy predators to pick off a large crab or lobster. 

Big is Better Inshore

I vividly recall trophy striped bass trips throughout the mid-Atlantic and Northeast, where the locals crushed them on large live menhaden and ­jumbo eels. We catch our trophy snook and tarpon the same way—but with large live mullet, even soaking half of a freshly caught mullet on the bottom. This tactic weeds out smaller fish and plays well on larger ones.

Large plugs intimidate smaller fish and entice the trophies.
George Poveromo

Ditto when trolling swimming plugs. Whereas small and medium plugs score a variety of fish, large plugs intimidate smaller ones from striking—but not the trophies. Case in point: When trolling for large snook and tarpon within South Florida inlets along lit bridges at night and in deep canals and channels, large lipped Rapala lures continue to produce well for me. (I use different models based on water depth.) These plugs also catch big grouper and even monster barracuda from these same waters and inlets.

Patience is a Virtue

Using big baits for a shot at a trophy fish isn’t for the restless. In fact, it can be downright boring, despite sporadic ­blitzes. You’re looking to land a knockout punch, not build points on the score card.

If catching big fish is your specialty, you already know the merits of large baits. But if you’re yearning to score a trophy, or simply to improve the average size of the ones you’ve been catching, devote some time and love to big baits. They’re ­likely to return the favor in a very impressive way. 

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